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Birthdates which occurred on your SELECTED date of March 12:

1336 Eduard Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern
1479 Giuliano de' Medici monarch of Florence
1515 Caspar Othmayr composer
1685 George Berkeley Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
1710 Thomas Augustine Arne English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
1755 Georges Couthon French politician
1758 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum Dutch General/politician [or March 22]
1768 Carolus Antonius Fodor composer
1788 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
1793 Augustin-Philippe Peellaert composer
1800 Louis-Prosper Gachard Belgian historian
1806 Jane Means Appleton Pierce 1st lady-Franklin Pierce (1853-57)
1808 Gerrit van der Linde Jz "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
1816 David Stuart Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1818 John Lorimar Worden Captain (Union Navy), died in 1897
1821 Luitpold von Bayern Prince-regent of Bayern
1821 Sir John Abbott Québec Canada, (C) 3rd Canadian Prime Minister (1891-92)
1823 William Flank Perry Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1824 Gustav R Kirchoff Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)
1826 Robert Lowry composer
1827 John Robert Jones Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1827 William Richard Terry Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1830 William Felix Brantley Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
1831 Clement Studebaker automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
1832 Charles Boycott Ireland, estate manager/caused boycotts
1835 Simon Newcomb US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
1837 Felix Alexandre Guilmant composer
1838 William Perkin inventor (1st artificial dye)
1848 Cyrill Kistler composer
1855 John White composer
1859 Josef Cyril Sychra composer
1860 Salvatore Di Giacomo composer
1862 Jane Delano US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
1863 Adolf A Wolfschoon Curaçao, poet
1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio Italy, writer/military hero (The Intruder)
1874 Edmund Eysler Austrian composer
1875 Julio Garreta composer
1877 Wilhelm Frick German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
1878 Gemma Galgani Italian saint
1878 Joseph Gustav Mraczek composer
1880 House Peters Bristol England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
1881 Daniel Webster Hoan Wisconsin (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
1881 Kemal Atatürk 1st President of Republic of Turkey
1881 Väinö A Tanner premier of Finland (1926-27)
1883 Judge Jackson composer
1885 Raphaël Verwilghen Flemish architect/urban developer
1888 Hall Johnson composer
1889 Philip Guedalla historian
1890 A Evert Taube Swedish writer/troubadour
1890 Vaslav Nijinsky Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka)
1891 Michael Polany Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
1896 Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller San Francisco Blues Great
1898 Fredrik J "Frits" Bakker Jr Dutch actor (Sold Grandpa)
1900 David Croll QC senator
1900 Zoltan Vasarhelyi composer
1904 Ken James cricket wicketkeeper (New Zealand's 1st Test, later Northants)
1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison politician
1908 David Saul Marshall diplomat lawyer/politician
1908 Inez Courtney New York NY, actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven)
1910 Roger L Stevens producer (Giant)
1910 Tony "Two-Ton" Galento Orange NJ, boxer/actor (On the Waterfront)
1910 Wilhelmus L Reijers sculptor
1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz President of Mexico
1912 James McKay lord provost of Edinburgh
1912 Kylie Tennant novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
1912 Paul Weston Springfield MA, orchestra leader (Jim Nabors Hour)
1913 Harold Butler cricketer (England pace bowler late 40's)
1914 Jan Kapr composer
1915 Alberto Burri Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
1917 Googie Withers Karachi India, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing)
1917 Tom Normanton British MP
1918 James Bracken race horse trainer
1921 Giovanni Agnelli CEO (Fiat Automakers)
1921 Gordon MacRae East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)
1921 Max de Metz Dutch publisher/translator
1921 Ralph Shapey Philadelphia PA, composer (Fantasy, Rituals)
1922 Helen Parrish Columbus GA, actress (Hour Glass, Show Business)
1922 Jack Kerouac Beat writer (Dharma Bums, On the Road, Mexico Blues)
1922 Lane Kirkland union president (AFL-CIO)
1922 Thomas Hugh Eastwood composer
1923 Hjalmar Andersen Norway, speed skater-1500/5K/10K (Olympics-gold-1952)
1923 Norbert Brainin violinist
1923 Walter M Schirra Jr Hackensack NJ, Captain USN/astronaut (Mercury 8, Gemini 6, Apollo 7)
1925 Georges Delerue composer
1925 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy)
1925 Leo Esaki [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)
1925 Louison Bobet French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55)
1925 William G Whitehurst (Representative-Republican-VA)
1926 David Oliver Williams trade unionist (COHSE)
1926 George R Ariyoshi (Governor-Democrat-HI)
1926 Gudrun Ure British actress (The Crow Road, Lady MacBeth, BBC Sorcerer)
1926 Hildy Park Washington DC, actress (To Tell the Truth)
1926 John C[lellon] Holmes US writer (Horn)
1926 Rolv Berger Yttrehus composer
1926 Ronald Alley art gallery manager (Tate Gallery)
1927 Mstislav Rostropovich Baku Russia, conductor/cellist (Cello Concerto)
1927 Raul Alfonsin President (Argentina)
1928 Edward Albee Washington DC, playwright (Virginia Woolfe, Zoo Story)
1928 Phil Jones principal (Trinity College of Music)
1928 Roland Moyle British deputy chairman (Police Complaints Authority)
1929 Bernard Costello US, double sculls (Olympics-silver-1956)
1929 Lupe Anguiano Mexican-American civil rights activist
1930 Antony Acland provost of Eton/British ambassador to US
1930 Robin Cavendish disabled campaigner
1930 Scoey Mitchill Newburgh NY, comedian (Barefoot in the Park, Rhoda)
1930 Stanko Horvat composer
1931 Geoffrey de Bellaigue director (Royal Collection)
1931 William "Buckwheat" Thomas actor (Little Rascals)
1932 Andrew Young US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-Democrat-Atlanta)
1934 Rudolph Agner CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
1935 Helga Pilarczyk German soprano (Salome, Lulu)
1935 John Gross author (Age of Kipling, Dickens & 20th Century)
1936 Anthony Loehnis vice chairman (S G Warburg & Co)
1936 Keith Slater cricketer (one Test for Australia 1958-59 series)
1936 Lloyd Dobbins Newport News VA, newscaster (NBC News Overnight)
1936 Patrick Procktor painter
1937 Elizabeth Vaughan opera soprano (Victor-Victoria)
1938 Dimitri Terzakis composer
1938 Johnny Rutherford auto racer (26 championship races)
1938 Karl Soderlund Duluth MN, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
1938 Millie Perkins actress (Diary of Anne Frank, Table for 5, Shooting)
1938 Norman Hogg British MP
1938 Tona Scherchen-Hsiao composer
1938 Vijay Mehra cricketer (Indian Test batsman from age 17)
1939 Barbara Feldon Pittsburgh PA, actress (Agent 99-Get Smart)
1939 David Mlinaric British interior director
1940 Al Jarreau Milwaukee WI, jazz singer (Moonlighting)
1940 Albert Johanneson soccer star
1940 Millie Perkins actress (Diary of Anne Frank, Table for 5, Shooting)
1942 Bert Campaneris baseball player (Oakland A's)
1942 Brian O'Hara rocker
1942 Paul Kantner San Francisco CA, rock singer/guitarist (Jefferson Airplane-White Rabbit, Somebody To Love)
1942 Salvatore "the Bull" Gravano mobster (testified against Gotti)
1945 Hans van Emden Dutch guitarist (Les Baroques)
1946 Liza Minnelli Hollywood CA, singer/actress (Sterile Cuckoo, Cabaret)
1947 Jill O'Hara Warren PA, Broadway actress (Promises! Promises!)
1948 Dana Walden rock keyboardist (Champaign)
1948 James Taylor Boston MA, vocalist/guitarist (Up on the Roof)
1948 Kent Conrad (Senator-D-ND)
1948 Les Holroyd Oldham England, rocker (Barclay James Harvest)
1948 Virginia Bottomley British minister of state health/secretary (Heritage)
1949 Bill Payne Waco TX, rock keyboardist (Little Feat-Time Loves a Hero)
1949 David Mellor Secretary of the British treasury/MP
1949 Mary Alice Williams news reporter (NBC-TV)
1949 Mike Gibbons Swansea Wales, rock drummer (Badfinger)
1949 Sara Lane New York NY, actress (Elizabeth Grainger-The Virginian)
1950 Jon Provost actor (Timmy-Lassie)
1950 Willie Duggan rugby football player
1951 Caren Kaye New York NY, actress (My Tutor, Bambi-Blansky's Beauties)
1951 Jack Green rocker
1953 Joanna Kerns actress (Maggie-Growing Pains)
1953 Labamba [Richard Rosenberg], rocker (Asbury Jukes)
1956 Dale Murphy Portland OR, Atlanta Braves slugger (2 time National League MVP)
1957 Jerry Levine New Brunswick NJ, actor (Born on 4th of July)
1957 Marlon D Jackson Gary IN, singer (Jackson 5-Maybe Tomorrow)
1957 Steve Harris London England, hard rock bassist (Iron Maiden--Number of the Beast, Gypsy's Kiss)
1958 Debra Jensen Orange County CA, playmate (January, 1978)
1960 Courtney B Vance Detroit MI, actor (Hamburger Hill)
1960 Eldine Baptiste cricketer (West Indies all-rounder early 80's)
1962 Darryl Strawberry Los Angeles CA, right fielder (New York Mets, Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Yankees)
1962 Gunde Svan Swedish long jumper (Olympics-gold-1984, 88)
1963 Candy Costie Seattle WA, synchronized swimmer (Olympics-gold-1984)
1963 Joaquim Carvalho Cruz Brazil, 800 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1984)
1963 John Andretti race car driver
1963 Julia Campbell Huntsville AL, actress (Opportunity Knocks)
1963 Paul Way British golfer
1964 Tony Terry rock producer (Tony Terry)
1965 Fran Harris WNBA guard (Houston Comets)
1965 Molly Van Nostrand West Islip NY, tennis star
1965 Randy Dixon NFL guard (Indianapolis Colts)
1965 Steve Finley Union City TN, outfielder (San Diego Padres)
1966 Alecia Stephenson North Vancouver British Columbia, softball shortstop (Olympics-96)
1966 Erich Fischer Dinuba CA, US Olympics water polo foward (Olympics-92)
1966 Grant Long NBA forward (Detroit Pistons, Atlanta Hawks)
1967 Irvin Smith CFL cornerback (Montréal Alouettes)
1967 Rowelle Blenman WLAF cornerback/safety (London Monarchs)
1968 Merton Hanks NFL safety (San Francisco 49ers)
1969 Graham Coxon singer (Blur)
1969 J P Izquierdo CFL slot back (Calgary Stampeders)
1969 Karen Snelgrove London Ontario, softball pitcher (Olympics-96)
1969 Muhammad Oliver NFL cornerback/safety (Washington Redskins)
1970 Michael Bankston NFL defensive end (Arizona Cardinals)
1970 Rex Walters NBA guard (Philadelphia 76ers, Miami Heat)
1970 Rod Smith NFL cornerback (Carolina Panthers, Green Bay Packers)
1971 Greg Hansell Bellflower CA, pitcher (Minnesota Twins)
1971 Isaiah Rider NBA guard/forward (Minnesota Timberwolves, Port Trailblazers)
1971 Raul Mondesi San Cristobal Dominican Republic, outfielder (Los Angeles Dodgers)
1972 Alisa Castillo Miss Nevada-USA (1996)
1973 Antonio Banks cornerback (Minnesota Vikings)
1973 Gabriel Mendez Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1973 Keif Bryant NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawks)
1973 Louis Laros Dutch soccer player (Willem II, Vitesse)
1974 Chris Carr NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Minnesota Timberwolves)
1978 Cristina Teuscher New Rochelle NY, 4X200 meter freestyle (Olympics-gold-96)
1978 Tara Mounsey ice hockey defenseman (USA, Olympics-98)


Deaths which occurred on March 12:

0417 Innocent I Italian Pope (401-417), dies
0604 Gregory I the Great Pope (590-604), dies at 64
1209 Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami Persian poet, dies
1471 Dionysius the Carthusian/van Rijkel Dutch scholastic theologist, dies
1496 Johannes de Lapide [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
1507 Cesare Borgia cardinal/soldier/politician, killed in battle at 31
1570 Jacob van den Eynden Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
1628 John Bull thought to have composed British national anthem (God Save The King), dies
1648 Tirso de Molina Spanish author, dies at about 63
1681 French van Mieris the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45
1734 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
1753 George Berkeley philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
1824 Heinrich Carl Ebell composer, dies at 48
1831 Johann Franz Volkert composer, dies at 64
1832 Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45
1834 Karl W Feuerbach mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
1852 Juan Bros y Bertomel composer, dies at 75
1877 Crystobal Oudrid y Segura composer, dies at 52
1883 Murrumgunarriman [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies
1888 Henry Bergh founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
1889 Yohannes IV [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
1902 John Peter Altgeld German/US Governor of Illinois, dies at 54
1905 Rudolf von Alt Austrian painter, dies at 92
1908 Edmondo de Amicis Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
1909 Johanna "Lena" Bakker Dutch actress/wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34
1913 Joseph Bayer composer, dies at 61
1914 George Westinghouse US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67
1916 M v Ebner-Eschenbach writer, dies at 39
1924 Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet inventor (rayon), dies
1925 Sun Yat-Sen Chinese revolutionary president, dies at 58
1932 Ivar Kreuger "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide
1937 Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor French organist/composer, dies at 93
1937 Jeno Hubay composer, dies at 78
1941 Charles Sanford Skilton composer, dies at 72
1942 Enrique Morera composer, dies at 76
1945 Anne Frank diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp
1946 Philip Merivale dies at 59
1949 Maria "Beppie" Bakker Dutch actress/wife of Piet Vink Sr, dies at 95
1950 L Heinrich Mann German/US writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
1955 Charlie "Bird" Parker US jazz saxophonist, dies in New York NY at 34
1955 Theodor Plievier writer, dies
1957 Harry Dean cricketer (England left-arm bowler in 3 Tests, 1912), dies
1957 Josephine Hull actress (Harvey), dies at 71
1958 Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, dies at 79
1961 Belinda Lee actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25
1966 Estelita Rodriguez actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37
1973 Esther Williamson Ballou composer, dies at 57
1973 Frankie "Fordham Flash" Frisch baseball player, dies at 74
1973 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
1974 Billy Fox Protestant member of Dublin parliament, assassinated
1978 John Cazale actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41
1978 Tolchard Evans composer/conductor, dies
1982 Elisabeth Zernike Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90
1983 Jevsei G Liberman Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85
1984 Arnold Riley playwright/actor, dies at 88
1985 Eugene Ormandy [Blau] Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85
1988 Billie Rhodes dies
1988 William Camp dies at 74
1989 Maurice Evans actor (Bewitched, MacBeth), dies at 87
1991 Etienne Decroux French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
1992 Barbara Morrison actress (Proj Moonbase), dies of heart failure at 84
1992 Hans G Kresse Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70
1992 Ida Oosterbaan Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies
1992 Karel Poons father of Paul Deen, dies
1992 Philippe Soupault writer, dies
1992 Salvo Lima mayor (Palermo)/MP (christian-democrat), murdered
1993 Andreas J A I Bruggeman Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62
1993 June Valli singer (Crying in the Chapel), dies of cancer at 62
1993 Michael Kanin screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83
1993 Wang Zhen marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
1994 Sandra Paretti German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59
1996 Charles Bruce Perry professor of medicine, dies at 92
1996 Gyula Kallai Prime Minister of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85
1996 John Anthony Bowden Cuddon writer/teacher, dies at 67

Reported: MISSING in ACTION

( Expanded with full Bios, history, & MIA report )
 1967    ADRIAN           JOSEPH D.         RIVER EDGE            NJ       
1967 CLARK JOHN W. COLUMBIA MO 02/18/73 RELEASED BY DRV ALIVE AND WELL 98
1967 GOODRICH EDWIN R. OLEAN NY POSS KIA DURING CAPTURE REMAINS RETURNED 08/14/85
1968 GRIFFITH JOHN GARY KANSAS CITY MO
1968 KOLLMANN GLENN E. DALY CITY CA
1968 ROGERS EDWARD F. ROSLINDALE MA
1969 ROBINSON FLOYD H. BURLINGTON KS
1970 SCULL GARY B. CEDAR RAPIDS IA
1971 JEFFS CLIVE G. SALT LAKE CITY UT
1975 MITCHELL BETTY J. 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI
1975 PHILLIPS LILLIAN M. 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI REFNO 1996
1975 PHILLIPS RICHARD L. 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI REFO 1996
1975 SCARBOROUGH JAY 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI
1975 DOLAN EDWARD V. AIR VIETNAM CRASH
1975 MILLER GEORGE C. AIR VIETNAM CRASH
1975 MILLER CAROLYN P. 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI
1975 MILLER JOHN D. 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI
1975 MILLER LUANNE 10/75 RELEASED FROM HANOI
1975 SEIDL ROBERT AIR VIETNAM CRASH

NEW !!     POW-MIA    Search Engine   (Search by Name, DOB, Loss-Date, or Country-State )

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.
Information on how to RETURN a bracelet.



On this day...

0417 St Innocent I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0604 St Gregory I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1000 Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, replacing Victor III
1054 Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1144 Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
1350 Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
1365 University of Vienna founded
1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
1572 Luís Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
1587 English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
1594 Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1597 England routes troops to Amiens
1609 Bermuda becomes an English colony
1619 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
1622 Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
1642 Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
1664 1st naturalization act in American colonies
1664 New Jersey becomes a British colony
1689 Former English King James II lands in Ireland
1737 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy
1755 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
1773 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1789 US Post Office established
1799 Austria declares war on France
1848 2nd republic established in France
1849 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
1850 1st US $20 gold piece issued
1857 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
1860 Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill; free land in West for colonists
1865 Affair near Lone Jack MO
1867 Last French troops leave Mexico
1868 Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1868 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
1877 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
1884 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
1888 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in northeast US (400 die)
1889 Battle at Metema (Gallabad); Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
1889 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, vs England, Port Elizabeth
1894 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
1896 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
1897 Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussel
1900 President Steyn of Orange-Free state flees from Bloemfontein
1901 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st American League ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
1903 New York Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of American League
1904 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)
1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1906 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
1908 Stanley Cup: Montréal Wanderers sweep Winnipeg Maple Leafs in 2 games
1910 Stanley Cup: Montréal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3
1912 Captain Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane
1912 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) founded in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
1912 Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capitol in Canberra laid
1916 French airship sinks British submarine D3
1917 Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
1917 Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrive in St Petersburg
1919 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
1919 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in New York NY
1925 British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
1926 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
1926 Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
1930 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200 mile (321 km) march protesting British salt tax
1930 Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0 :6.1)
1933 FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
1934 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
1934 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
1934 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
1935 England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 Finland surrenders to Russia during WWII, giving up Karelische Isthmus
1941 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1942 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1943 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
1945 30 Amsterdammers executed by Nazi occupiers
1945 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
1945 New York is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
1945 The British Empire celebrates its 1st British Empire Day
1945 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
1946 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
1947 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns
1947 President Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
1948 -5ºF lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1950 Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
1950 Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
1951 Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
1951 Communist troops driven out of Seoul
1954 1st performance of Arnold Schönberg's "Moses und Aaron"
1956 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
1957 German Democratic Republic accepts 22 Russian divisions
1958 British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
1959 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
1961 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open
1962 Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia
1963 Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold
1963 Bob Dylan cancels "Ed Sullivan Show" television appearance
1964 6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Streisand win
1964 Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years
1964 Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam
1964 S[amuel] N[athaniel] Behrman's "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in New York NY
1964 WKAB TV channel 32 in Montgomery AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1966 Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record
1966 Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins)
1966 Love's 1st album released "Love"
1966 Pioneer Plaza dedicated [San Francisco]
1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet
1967 Indonesian congress deprives President Sukarno of authority
1968 Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix win
1969 120 joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home
1969 Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London
1970 US lowers voting age from 21 to 18
1971 Rolling Stone Mick Jagger marries Bianca Pérez Morena de Macias
1971 Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected President
1971 Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army
1972 Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Eve Golf Open
1972 NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons
1974 Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia WA
1975 Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam
1976 South African troops leave Angola
1977 Chile President Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party
1977 Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel
1978 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000 meter (1:14.99)
1978 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic
1980 Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago
1980 New York Islanders 3rd scoreless tie, vs Pittsburgh Penguins
1981 Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
1981 Stephen Sondheim's musical "Marry Me a Little" premieres in New York NY
1981 Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond VA
1982 1st-class debut of Courtney Walsh, Jamaica vs Leeward Islands
1982 PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on "Nightline"
1983 Don Ritchie runs world record 50 mile (4 :1 :9)
1984 British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships
1984 National Union of Mine Workers in England begin a 51 week strike
1985 Larry Bird scores Boston Celtic record 60 points
1986 210.25 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange
1986 Giotto encounters Comet Halley
1986 Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
1987 "Les Miserables" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ performances
1987 David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game
1987 Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North
1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1987 World Ice Dance Championship in Cincinnati won by Bestemianova & Bukin (USSR)
1987 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by E Gordeeva & Grinkov (USSR)
1987 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt (German Democratic Republic)
1987 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Brian Orser (Canada)
1989 15th People's Choice Awards
1989 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)
1989 Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election
1990 Los Angeles Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland
1991 5th Soul Train Music Awards
1993 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay
1993 Cleveland radio station WMMS-FM/101.7 is bought by Disney
1993 Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show
1993 Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech
1994 Church of England ordains 1st 33 women priests
1995 Congress party loses India national election
1995 Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA PING/Welch's Golf Championship
1995 Lara scores 139 in ODI vs Australia at Port-of-Spain
1995 Letitia Vriesde runs South America indoor record 800 meter (2 :0.35)
1995 World Ice Dance Championship in Birmingham UK won by Oksana Gritshuk & Evgeny Platov (Russia)
1995 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny (Czechoslovakia)
1995 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Chen Lu (China)
1995 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Elvis Stojko (Canada)
1996 Leeward Islands beat Trinidad by 73 runs to win Red Stripe Trophy
1998 "Sound of Music" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC





Holidays

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

British Commonwealth : Commonwealth Day (formerly British Empire Day)
Gabon : Renovation Day (National Day)
Lesotho : Moshoeshoe's Day
Libya : King's Birthday
Mauritius : Independence Day (1968)
Venezuala : Flag Day
World : Girl Scouts Day (1912)
World : World Culture Day (non Leap year)
Memphis TN : Cotton Carnival (held for 5 days) - - - - - ( Tuesday )
New Mexico : Arbor Day - - - - - ( Friday )

Religious Observances

Christian : Feast of Ss Peters Gorgonius & Dorothheus
Christian : Feast of St Alphege of Winchester
Christian : Feast of St Bernard of Capua
Christian : Feast of St Maximilian of Theveste
Christian : Feast of St Paul Aurelian of Leon
Christian : Feast of St Seraphina/Fina & St Theophanes the Chronicler
Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Anglican : Commemoration of St Gregory I the Great, pope (590-604)
Jewish : Purim (feast of Lot) (Adar 14, 5758 AM)

Religious History

1607 Birth of Paul Gerhardt, German clergyman and hymnwriter. He lost four of his five children in childhood, yet also composed over 130 hymns, including "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded." (Gerhardt's music marks the transition in Lutheran hymnody from confessional and high_church hymns to hymns of devotional piety.)
1622 Gregory XV canonized Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Jesuits; Philip Neri, Italian co_founder of a medical religious order; Teresa of Avila, a Spanish Carmelite nun; and Francis Xavier, the Jesuit "Apostle of Eastern Asia."
1710 Birth of Thomas A. Arne, considered one of the outstanding English composers of the 18th century. Today, Arne is best remembered for his hymn tune ARLINGTON, to which we commonly sing, "Am I a Soldier of the Cross?"
1826 Birth of Robert Lowery, American Baptist clergyman and hymnwriter. He is chiefly remembered today for writing and composing the hymns "Christ Arose," "Nothing But the Blood of Jesus," "We're Marching to Zion," "All the Way My Savior Leads Me" and "I Need Thee Every Hour."
1904 Raphael Hawaweeny was ordained Eastern Orthodox bishop of Brooklyn, NY, at St. Nicholas Church. As a vicar under the Holy Synod of the Church of Russia, Hawaweeny thus became the first Russian Orthodox bishop ordained in America.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.
Additional information supplied by the author. Contact via E-mail: William D. Blake. (pilgrimwb@aol.com)

Thought for the day :

" He who is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. "

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